Anti-corruption efforts in Europe’s post-communist states have been less successful than anticipated. Criticism has been raised against the role of the international community in promoting anti-corruption programmes. Besides, such programmes have been deemed vague and “all-inclusive”. They have largely failed to address local factors “informing” corrupt behaviour in post-communist states, such as (a) negative perceptions of law, and (b) informal practice.‘
Grødeland, Å. B., & Aasland, A. (2011). Fighting corruption in public procurement in post-communist states: obstacles and solutions. Communist and Post-Communist Studies, 44(1), 17-32.