D1.2 Database of legal and regulatory norms

Stephanie E. Trapnell, Aram Khaghaghordyan, Mihály Fazekas

European Public Accountability Mechanisms (EuroPAM) is a database of legal and regulatory norms for 34 European countries. EuroPAM is an extension of the Public Accountability Mechanisms Initiative (PAM) of the World Bank, which is a primary data collection effort that produces assessments of in-law and in-practice efforts to enhance the transparency of public administration and the accountability of public officials. The EuroPAM database serves as a European transparency legislation observatory that is based on the PAM indicators for financial disclosure, conflict of interest restrictions, and freedom of information, while also adding data on public procurement, and updating the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (IDEA) database on political financing.
The EuroPAM database includes the following countries: Armenia, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. The European Parliament and/or European Commission are also included for each mechanism.

Downloadable datasets in XLSX format can be found here.

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